Sacred Writings

A Critical Study of the Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 by M. O. Wise

By M. O. Wise

A research of 1 of the Qumran texts, interpreting its features and authorship. the writer concludes that the Temple Scroll was once an eschatalogical legislation publication, composed round one hundred fifty BC via `The instructor of Righteousness' and never a fabricated from the Qumran neighborhood.

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Additional resources for A Critical Study of the Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 49)

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On the city in general see Yadin's "The Holy City of the Temple Scroll," in Temples and High Places in Biblical Times, ed. A. Biran (Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, 1981), p. 181. 104. 5 km, as his interpretation of the TS text requires. 105. , R. Riesner, "Essener und Urkirche in Jerusalem," BK 40 (1985): 71-74. Riesner located the Betso nearer the southwest corner of the Upper City than had Yadin. J. A. C. Fensham, ed. W. Ciaassen (JSOT Supplement Series 48; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1988), pp.

19 (Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1967), pp. 16-18. 151. , they suggest on p. 277, in large part because of this faulty criterion, that cols. 33-39 may have originated in an independent source. On the grounds of content and form criticism, such a judgement appears extremely unlikely. 152. P. Callaway, "Source Criticism of the Temple Scroll: The Purity Laws," RQ 12 (1986): 213-22, has also found Wilson and Wills unsound in their discrimination of this source. See my detailed discussion in chapter 5.

Que la rouleau qui est en nos mains ... juxtapose des documents, de ouvrages divers, que la copiste aurait rassamblés en un même rouleau, mais dont chacun peut avoir été rédigé à des dates plus ou moins sensiblement différentes. Yadin himself admitted the possiblity of diverse origins for different parts of the scroll in his address to the Twenty-Fifth Archaeological Convention in the same year. " To date, the only source-critical study of the entire TS has been that of Wilson and Wills. 148 To determine where the documents underlying the present form of the scroll begin and end, these authors relied on three major criteria: content, the use of the divine referent, and variation of nominal and verbal forms.

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