By Gerrit de Veer
The courses of the Hakluyt Society (founded in 1846) made to be had edited (and occasionally translated) early bills of exploration. the 1st sequence, which ran from 1847 to 1899, involves a hundred books containing released or formerly unpublished works through authors from Christopher Columbus to Sir Francis Drake, and overlaying voyages to the recent international, to China and Japan, to Russia and to Africa and India. This e-book comprises 3 bills of Dutch voyages looking for a north-eastern passage to China, undertaken within the 1590s. (When this Hakluyt version was once released in 1853, carrying on with anxiousness concerning the destiny of Sir John Franklin's excursion made any money owed of Arctic exploration super topical.) The Dutch weren't winning in setting up a north-east passage; however the tales of the expeditions and of the braveness and persistence of the boys who took half in them make for interesting studying.
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Extra resources for A True Description of Three Voyages by the North-East towards Cathay and China: Undertaken by the Dutch in the Years 1594, 1595 and 1596
Sec Liitke, p. 68. INTRODUCTION. XXIX home great quahtitie of doune-feathers, dried swannes and geese, beares skinnes, and fish, etc. From Naromske reca or riuer to Mattuschan Yar is size dayes sayling. From Mattuschan Yar to the Perouologli Teupla, that is to say, to the warme passage ouer-land, compassing or sayling round about the sands, is thirteene dayes sayling. And there is upon the sands, at a full sea, seuen fathomes water, and two fathomes at a low water. The occasion of this highing of the water, is the falling into the sea of the three riuers, and the meeting of the two seas, to wit, the North Sea and the East Sea, which make both high water and great sands.
On June 23d they reached Wardhuus, which place they left in company on the 1st of the following month. "* 1 Hakluyt, vol. i, pp. 433-4. , p. 446. , p. 435. INTRODUCTION. XIX The name of Veroue Ostroue, here given to the island of Vaigats, does not occur elsewhere. It is manifestly Russian; though it is difficult to say what is its correct form, and consequently what its signification. "2 The correctness of this criticism is, however, questionable. For, long before the Dutch visited or knew anything of these parts, we find Englishmen,—who certainly had no difficulty in pronouncing the sound ch (tsch), which is common to our language, and who in fact always wrote PeeAora (Petschora), and not, like the Dutch, Vitzora, —invariably writing not Yaig&ch (VaigafecA), but Vaigafe or Vaygafe.
464. - Hakluyt, vol. i, p. 468. Hi INTRODUCTION. Netherlanders generally, in the first instance, and eventually of the natives of the United Provinces— commonly, though not very correctly, called the Dutch—in particular. It is sufficient to remark, that after their first entrance into the "White Sea, they soon became powerful rivals of the English in the trade with Russia, and that it was also not long before their attention was directed to the extension of their commerce to the eastward of that country, and to the endeavour to reach China and the Indian Seas by a passage to the north-east.