Economic Policy

Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From by Joanna Boestel, Visit Amazon's Penelope Francks Page, search

By Joanna Boestel, Visit Amazon's Penelope Francks Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Penelope Francks, , Choo Hyop Kim

A comparative research which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. previously, little consciousness has been paid to the rural zone which really underpins commercial and advertisement improvement. lately, this zone has develop into the point of interest of more and more sour monetary disputes, particularly over safety and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, utilising case reports from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to spotlight either the typical features of agriculture's position in East Asian improvement, and lines specific to the political economic climate of agriculture in each one nation.

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Additional info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)

Sample text

The existence of these common features does not of course imply that the development experience of Japan, Korea and Taiwan, as regards agriculture’s part in it as much as industry’s, does not differ in many respects as a result of the variations in their histories and cultural traditions and in their contemporary political structures and international relations. As subsequent chapters will show, in many of the details of their agricultural organisation and of the responses of farmers and policy-makers to agriculture’s changing place in the economy, there are significant and interesting differences between the three countries.

Although in the past a significant proportion of households owned no land, and may indeed have spent some of their time working for other households, the numbers of pure agricultural-labourer households who had no access to land which they managed themselves were uniformly low. The polarisation of rural society into large-scale landowners, managing their farms on the basis of hired labour and/ or large-scale equipment, and landless-labourer households, which has often been assumed to be an inevitable consequence of industrial development, has not occurred in East Asia.

Meanwhile, although state intervention in the agricultural sector remains pervasive, the dramatic political and organisational changes that have taken place in rural areas over the course of China’s postwar history have left a different institutional legacy from that bequeathed by the incremental process of change elsewhere. 14 In South East Asia, conditions for agriculture are generally more favourable than further north so that, on the one hand, cropping patterns are more diverse, and, on the other, comparative advantage in agriculture opens up scope for exports of agricultural products, including in some cases rice.

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