Animal Architects: Building and the Evolution of by James L. Gould, Carol Grant Gould

By James L. Gould, Carol Grant Gould

Animal habit has lengthy been a battleground among the competing claims of nature and nurture, with the potential position of cognition in habit as a contemporary addition to this debate. there's an untapped trove of behavioral information which may let us know very much approximately how the animals draw from those neural innovations: The buildings animals construct supply an outstanding window at the workings of the animal brain. Animal Architects examines animal structure throughout a number of species, from these whose blueprints are mostly innate (such as spiders and their webs) to these whose hard constructions appear to require highbrow perception, making plans, or even aesthetics (such as bowerbirds’ nests, or beavers’ dams). starting with intuition and the easy houses of solitary bugs, James and Carol Gould flow directly to conditioning; the “cognitive map” and the way it developed; and the position of making plans and perception. ultimately, they examine what animal development tells us concerning the nature of human intelligence-showing why people, in contrast to many animals, have to construct castles within the air.

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Leibniz, D er Briefwechsel m it Antoine Arnauld französisch-deutsch, hg. und übers, v. Reinhard Finster, Hamburg: Meiner 1997 Werke anderer Autoren: Meditationen Arnauld, Logik Malebranche, Abhandlung René Descartes, Meditationen über die Grundlagen der Philosophie mit den sämtlichen Einwänden und Er­ widerungen, übersetzt von Artur Buchenau, Hamburg: Meiner 1915 (Philosophische Bibliothek 27), Nach­ druck 1994 Antoine Arnauld, Die Logik oder die Kunst des Denkens [La logique ou PArt de penser, sechste vermehrte Ausgabe Amsterdam 1685], Darm­ stadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesell­ schaft 1972 Nicolas Malebranche, Abhandlung von der N atur und der Gnade [1680], nach der 2.

Frei­ lich hat Gott keine Kosten, weniger jedenfalls als ein Philo­ soph, der seine imaginäre Welt aus Hypothesen baut; denn Gott braucht ja nur zu verfügen, um eine reale Welt entste­ hen zu lassen. 17 Dieu ne fa it rien hors d ’ordre et il n'est pas mêmes possible de 1 feindre des evenemens qui ne soyentpoint reguliers. 6. Les Volontés ou Actions de Dieu sont communément divisées en ordinaires ou extraordinaires. Mais il est bon de considérer que Dieu ne fait rien hors d’ordre. Ainsi ce qui 5 passe pour extraordinaire, ne l’est qu’à l’egard de quelque ordre particulier establi parmy les creatures.

Au lieu que je tiens que 15 Dieu ne fait rien dont il ne mérité d’estre glorifié. Que Vamour de Dieu demande une entiere satisfaction et acquiescence touchant ce q u ’il fa it sans q u ’il faille estre quietiste pour cela. 4. La connoissance generale de cette grande vérité, que 20 Dieu agit tousjours de la maniéré la plus parfaite, et la plus souhaittable qui soit possible est à mon avis le fondement de l’amour que nous devons à Dieu sur toutes choses, puisque celuy qui aime, cherche sa satisfaction dans la félicité ou per­ fection de l’objet aimé et de ses actions.

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