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Antisthenes of Athens: Setting the World Aright by Luis Navia

By Luis Navia

Luis E. Navia offers a entire exam of the tips and contributions of a Greek thinker who used to be influential within the improvement of classical Cynicism. in line with either fundamental and secondary resources in addition to the findings of contemporary scholarship, it's a distinctive contribution to the examine of Antisthenes. an immense thinker, simply English-language books approximately him were released within the final 80 years. together with his transparent and available narrative kind, Navia succeeds in reconstructing Antisthenes' biography resurrecting this historical philosopher's principles as nonetheless correct to this day.

Navia describes an quintessential second within the background of Greek philosophy--the presence of Antisthenes as a pupil of the Sophists, an affiliate of Socrates, and the originator of the Cynic flow. This particular examine of the critical resources, contains an index of appropriate names, a bibliography of over 2 hundred and fifty titles, and an appendix including an commonly annotated translation of Diogenes Laertius' biography of Antisthenes.

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Billot's "Le Cynosarges: Histoire, mythes et archeologie," in Dictionnaire des Philosophes A ntiques (Paris: CNRS Editions, 1 994), pp. 9 1 7-966. Equally important, particularly in regard to Antisthenes' association with the Cynosarges, is Billot's "Antisthene et le Cynosarges dans I ' Athenes des V' et IV0 siecles," in Le Cynisme antique et ses prolongements. Actes du Colloque International du CNRS (Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 1 993), pp. 69- 1 1 6. 24. Billot, "Le Cynosarges: Histoire, mythes et archeologie," p.

20. A modem historian has noted that after Socrates' death, and probably because of his death, Antisthenes began his j ourney toward exaggeration and excess in philosophical matters. Seeing Socrates drink the hemlock, "Antisthene ne connut plus de frein" [Antis­ thenes was subject to no restraints] . See "Antisthene" in Dictionnaire des Sciences Philoso­ phiques. Edited by A. Frank (Paris: Librairie Hachette, 1 885), p. 76. 2 1 . cated about five miles from the city walls. The Ceramicus was an Athenian quarter below the Acropolis, where artisans and other working people lived.

49. G . X . Santas, Philosophy in Plato 's Early Dialogues (London : Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1 979), p. 4. 50. For a review of the extensive literature on this issue, see Navia, Socrates: A n A nnotated Bibliography (New York : Garland Publishing, 1 988). 5 1 . A phrase used by H. Tredennick in Aristotle: The Metaphysics. Translated by H. Tredennick. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1 96 1 , vol. 1, p . 286. 52. Xenophon 's Minor Works. Edited and translated by J. Watson (London : George Bell and Sons, 1 888), p.

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