Nature

Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are? by Frans de Waal

By Frans de Waal

What separates your brain from an animal’s? perhaps you think that it’s your skill to layout instruments, your experience of self, or your grab of prior and future―all characteristics that experience helped us outline ourselves because the planet’s preeminent species. yet in fresh a long time, those claims have eroded, or maybe been disproven outright, by way of a revolution within the learn of animal cognition. Take the best way octopuses use coconut shells as instruments; elephants that classify people via age, gender, and language; or Ayumu, the younger male chimpanzee at Kyoto college whose flash reminiscence places that of people to disgrace. according to examine regarding crows, dolphins, parrots, sheep, wasps, bats, whales, and naturally chimpanzees and bonobos, Frans de Waal explores either the scope and the intensity of animal intelligence. He bargains a firsthand account of the way technology has stood conventional behaviorism on its head through revealing how shrewdpermanent animals particularly are, and the way we’ve underestimated their talents for too long.

People usually suppose a cognitive ladder, from decrease to raised kinds, with our personal intelligence on the best. yet what whether it is extra like a bush, with cognition taking diverse kinds which are frequently incomparable to ours? might you presume your self dumber than a squirrel simply because you’re much less adept at recalling the destinations of hundreds of thousands of buried acorns? Or may you pass judgement on your conception of your atmosphere as extra subtle than that of a echolocating bat? De Waal studies the increase and fall of the mechanistic view of animals and opens our minds to the concept that animal minds are way more complex and intricate than we now have assumed. De Waal’s landmark paintings will persuade you to reconsider every little thing you proposal you knew approximately animal―and human―intelligence.

Show description

Read or Download Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are? PDF

Best nature books

Wildwood: A Journey Through Trees

Roger Deakin's Wildwood is a far enjoyed vintage of nature writing

Wildwood is ready the point wooden, because it exists in nature, in our souls, in our tradition and our lives.

From the walnut tree at his Suffolk domestic, Roger Deakin embarks upon a quest that takes him via Britain, throughout Europe, to vital Asia and Australia, looking for what lies at the back of man's profound and enduring reference to wooden and with trees.

assembly woodlanders of all types, he lives in shacks and cabins, travels looking for the wild apple groves of Kazakhstan, is going coppicing in Suffolk, swims underneath the walnut timber of the Haut-Languedoc, and hunts bush plums with Aboriginal girls within the outback.

ideal for lovers of Robert Macfarlane and Colin Tudge, Roger Deakin's unequalled exploration of our dating with timber is autobiography, background, traveller's story and incisive paintings in traditional historical past. it is going to take you into the center of the woods, the place we cross 'to develop, research and change'

'Enthralling' Will Self, New Statesman

'Extraordinary . . . many of the best naturalist writing for plenty of years' Independent

'Masterful, attention-grabbing, excellent' Guardian

'An very good learn - lyrical and literate and entire of social and ancient insights of all kinds' Colin Tudge, monetary Times

'Enchanting, very humorous, each web page includes a desirable nugget. may still serve to make us have fun with extra keenly all that we've got right here in the world . . . one of many maximum of all nature writers' Craig Brown, Mail on Sunday

'Breathtaking, vividly written . . . studying Wildwood is an elegiac experience' Sunday Times

Roger Deakin, who died in August 2006, presently after finishing the manuscript for Wildwood, used to be a author, broadcaster and film-maker with a specific curiosity in nature and the surroundings. He lived for a few years in Suffolk, the place he swam frequently in his moat, within the river Waveney and within the sea, in among traveling largely in the course of the landscapes he writes approximately in Wildwood. he's the writer of Waterlog, Wildwood and Notes from Walnut Tree Farm.

Night Sky (A Guide To Field Identification)

This publication is better seen on a colour device.

Don't pass over the simplest meteor bathe of the 12 months. detect the determine of the boy, "Jack," at the moon. fast find favourite constellations reminiscent of the massive and Little Dipper, Orion, Draco, and Cassiopeia. With Mark R. Chartrand's evening Sky: A consultant to box id, you can now! No different consultant makes it more uncomplicated for the informal stargazer or starting astronomer to benefit from the splendors of the universe and delight in the legislation that govern the sunlight, moon, planets, and stars.
-Ideal for viewing with the bare eye, binoculars, or small telescopes
-Seasonal sky maps for every area of the United States
-Expert support photographing celestial events
-Solar eclipse timetable and secure viewing suggestions

Extreme Nature

A gorgeous and engaging portrait of the world's such a lot severe flora and fauna, from the sexiest beast to the smelliest plant. The world's such a lot devious plant, the most important flock of birds, the most important drug person, the main harmful love-life. .. here's a fabulous consultant to the most eldritch and such a lot striking natural world on our planet.

Extra info for Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?

Sample text

Stick Shaking may also occur. Bending forward with bills pointed down, the birds grasp nest material and shake their heads rapidly from side to side. Again, necks may cross and overlap, with the male on top. This behaviour is similar to Head Shaking, except for the involvement of twigs. Another mutual display of paired birds is the Head Quiver. Standing upright with head feathers erect, a bird twitches its head several times. Generally the display is performed by both sexes in succession or simultaneously.

BREEDING The timing of the dry season differs in various parts of the American Wood Stork's range. In southern Florida, historically, they used to begin nesting mostly at the beginning of the dry season, in November-December, but more recently they often begin in January-March, or even, although often not successfully, as late as May. In 1988, nesting at Corkscrew Swamp extended into July because of unusually dry conditions. In most years, the rainy season begins in May or June and any remaining nesting is aborted as the adult storks are unable to find sufficiently concentrated food sup- 40 American Wood Stork plies.

In trials on captives, birds temporarily deprived of frontal vision fed as efficiently as those with unaltered vision. It Stands or Walks slowly with its bill placed in the water and gaped 7-8 cm. It Foot Stirs by pumping the foot up and down on the substrate near the Groping bill (Rand 1956) and may Wing Flash on the same side as the pumping foot; it then repeats with the other foot and wing, sometimes taking a step or two and turning in a circle. While Walking, it will withdraw its bill from dense vegetation but keep it submerged in open water.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.91 of 5 – based on 23 votes