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Aspects of language variation and change in contemporary by William F. Haddican.

By William F. Haddican.

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As I hope to show, the way that local speakers understand and use this new standard Batua is shaped by other social and economic changes in Oiartzun brought on by modernization and economic development. These changes are discussed in the following chapter. 45 CHAPTER 2 OIARTZUN AND ITS LANGUAGES In the previous chapter, I described the development of the Basque standard Batua. The goal of this and the following two chapters is to examine how Batua has entered the linguistic life of one Basque town, Oiartzun.

14 The erasure of Basque from the public sphere extended to tombstones and birth certificates. Not only were these were required to be in Spanish, but all Basque names on them were to be translated into Spanish (Urla 1987:103). State propaganda on posters in public spaces in the Basque Country, moreover, admonished Basques to speak in Spanish. During the early dictatorship, then, the use of Basque and many other Basque cultural practices were restricted almost entirely to the private sphere (Tejerina 1992, Pérez-Agote 1984).

In the following chapters I will examine the way that Batua has entered the linguistic life one town—Oiartzun, Gipuzkoa. As I hope to show, the way that local speakers understand and use this new standard Batua is shaped by other social and economic changes in Oiartzun brought on by modernization and economic development. These changes are discussed in the following chapter. 45 CHAPTER 2 OIARTZUN AND ITS LANGUAGES In the previous chapter, I described the development of the Basque standard Batua.

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