Biography

Aurelian and the Third Century (Roman Imperial Biographies) by Alaric Watson

By Alaric Watson

Aurelian and the 3rd Century offers a re-assessment, within the mild of modern scholarship, of the problems dealing with the Roman empire within the advert 260s and 270s, concentrating upon the reign of the Emperor Aurelian and his half in summoning them.

With advent reading the placement within the mid 3rd century, the publication is split into parts:

* half 1: bargains chronologically with the army and political occasions of the interval from 268 to 276

* half 2: analyzes the opposite achievements and occasions of Aurelian's reign and assesses their importance.

A key complement to the research of the Roman Empire.

'W. merits admiration for having squeezed quite a bit attention-grabbing fabric so accessibly
into so little space.' - magazine of Roman Studies

Alaric Watson has a PhD from King's university London in Roman historical past and has taught Roman background on the collage of North London and Queen Mary and Westfield university. he's now a Barrister in Lincoln's resort.

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A few years after Decius’ death, the emperor Valerian instigated a fresh call to sacrifice. This time the edict was directly targeted at the Christians. A new and more brutal wave of persecution followed. 26 The same futility awaited the great persecution at the turn of the next century. The scale of the martyrdoms and of the heroism they entailed earned the faith a new respect and even added to its appeal. Ironically, in the long term, the persecutions may thus have contributed to the spectacular success and ultimate triumph of Christianity.

13 The Roman military response Thus from the Arabian Desert to the North Sea the Roman empire faced an intensification of military hostility which gathered momentum in the 230s and reached its peak during the 250s and 260s. The empire’s military resources were barely adequate to defend so vast a stretch of territory against such onslaught. The Roman military machine was designed primarily for delivering powerful offensive strikes at specific fixed targets. Even in the third century large-scale offensives remained the favoured military option wherever possible.

This remains true even though ultimately, two centuries after Aurelian’s death, the successive waves of barbarian incursions and the concomitant internal power struggles did prove fatal to the western part of the Roman empire. That they did not do so in the third century was in good measure due to Aurelian himself. 20 Part I ‘RESTORER OF THE WORLD’ 2 A DIVIDED EMPIRE THE THREAT OF DISINTEGRATION In 248, amid tremendous pomp and ceremony involving several days of magnificent and gory spectacles, the emperor Philip celebrated the millennium of the foundation of Rome.

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