By Ara Monadjem
The publication contains numerous man made chapters at the evolution, biogeography, ecology and echolocation of bats. Species debts supply info on quite a lot of organic subject matters and comprise colour photos of bats (82 species), cranium and dental pictures (85 species) and exact time-expanded echolocation name spectrograms (56 species). identity is aided by way of certain personality matrices (an said development on dichotomous keys), that are valuable for id within the box in addition to from museum voucher specimens.
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Additional info for Bats of southern and central Africa: a biogeographic and taxonomic synthesis
Empirical evidence for past conditions across the hinterland is very poor, especially for the time before the Late Pleistocene (120,000 years ago). Nevertheless, the widespread fossil dune systems across the central and northern 38 BATS OF SOUTHERN AND CENTR AL AFRICA Kalahari plateau testify to widespread arid conditions that prevailed across a vast portion of the subregion, presumably during the Late Cenozoic (de Menocal 2004, Goudie 2005). Such extreme periods of aridity were interspersed with equally humid phases, when mesic vegetation expanded south and west of the Congo basin (Benson and Irwin 1965).
D. Cotterill). Drainage systems The modern hydrology of southern Africa is dominated by several major drainage basins, with the Congo and Cuanza basins in the extreme north, the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, which drain eastwards into the Indian Ocean, and the Kunene and Orange-Vaal systems that drain west into the Atlantic (Figure 23). This river topology strongly influences the distributions of bat species that depend on riparian habitats for food and daylight roosts. This can be seen very clearly in the Namib Desert, where the Kuiseb River supports populations of tree-roosting bats.
1985). The presence of mature trees in woodlands is essential for the persistence of tree-roosting bats, which are adversely affected by the removal of such trees (Fenton et al. 1998). While a large amount of research has been carried out on tree-roosting microbats living in American forests, very little is known about such species in southern Africa. Scotophilus dinganii and S. viridis are frequently found roosting in hollow spaces in the attics of houses, as opposed to the crevice-like roosts used by many Molossidae.