Economic Policy

Beyond Economic Growth: Meeting the Challenges of Global by Tatyana P. Soubbotina

By Tatyana P. Soubbotina

What's improvement?

How do we examine the degrees of improvement attained by way of varied nations? And what does it take to make improvement sustainable?

This ebook deals no easy solutions to those advanced questions. as a substitute, the authors motivate readers to hunt their very own ideas through reading and synthesizing details on a number serious improvement concerns together with inhabitants progress, fiscal development, fairness, poverty, schooling, future health, industrialization, urbanization, privatization, alternate, weather swap, and extra.

The ebook, which pulls on info released by means of the area financial institution, is addressed to lecturers, scholars, and all these attracted to exploring problems with worldwide improvement.

This name is a e-book of the area financial institution Institute -- selling wisdom and studying for a greater international.

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Vice sectors relative to agriculture. Judging by this indicator, cities in developing countries are already more economically important than rural, primarily agricultural areas, because more than half of the developing world’s GDP originates in cities. 2). Most Latin American countries are as urbanized as Europe, with 74 percent of the population living in urban areas. But South Asia, East Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa remain predominantly rural, though they are urbanizing rapidly. 2 Most of the world’s most populous cities are in developing countries.

While there are inexpensive and effective ways to eliminate most communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases are generally much more expensive to treat. Moreover, substantially reducing their incidence will require changing people’s behaviors and lifestyles. The importance of lifestyle choices can be illustrated by the health gap between Eastern and Western Europe. 4 Adult smoking, 1985–95 Percentage of population over 15 80 70 60 Why is the incidence of smoking higher in poorer countries? 50 51% 48% 40 39% 30 22% 16% 20 6% 10 0 Low-income countries Male Middle-income countries Female risk factors include unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, excessive consumption of alcohol, and smoking.

Today’s information revolution requires more people with computer skills, and globalization (see Chapters 13 and 14) has increased the demand for foreign lan- How does a country’s economic situation determine its education needs? guage skills. Overall, innovative people are needed everywhere, and an education system that fails to develop this quality in its graduates can hardly be considered fully effective. 5 illustrates some differences in the quality of education between countries with transition and with established market economies.

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