Economic Theory

Brève histoire de la pensée économique: d'Aristote à nos by Jacques Valier

By Jacques Valier

Les débats qui animent los angeles vie économique contemporaine ne peuvent être compris indépendamment de los angeles forme qu'ils ont revêtue dans le passé. remark, par exemple, appréhender les controverses actuelles sur le libéralisme, si l'on forget about que l. a. query de l'interventionnisme de l'Etat partageait déjà les physiocrates et les mercantilistes, qu'elle devait opposer les socialistes utopiques et Marx aux thèses d'Adam Smith et de Ricardo, et que, dans les années 1930, elle allait rebondir avec los angeles «nouvelle donne» keynésienne ? Quand on évoque le communisme, sait-on que Platon en son temps s'est prononcé pour l. a. propriété commune, tandis qu'Aristote était favorable à los angeles propriété privée ? L'histoire de l. a. pensée économique est integral, sauf à imaginer que l'économie puisse se réduire à des modèles mathématiques dont les soubassements doctrinaux et théoriques demeurent des non-dits. L'auteur fait le pari d'un ouvrage bref : une histoire qui ne saurait prétendre à l'exhaustivité, mais qui permet de se faire une vue d'ensemble des grands courants de pensée et de comprendre les filiations, les oppositions, les avancées et les reculs qui jalonnent cette histoire.

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Raising interest rates in order to maintain the currency exchange rate will increase the financial burden on businesses, resulting in a financial accelerator effect in a closed economy, and economic recession may become more serious. Thus, in emerging developing countries with currency mismatches, a double financial accelerator effect will be produced, increasing the likelihood of financial crisis. Since the 1960s and 1970s, emerging and developing countries have experienced multiple currency and financial crises.

21 effective monetary policy. A currency’s internal and external security are closely linked and inseparable. 1 Monetary Internal Security: Economic Super Monetization, Inflation, and Real Estate Bubbles Inflation and Real Estate Bubbles in the “Super-Monetized” Economy Currently, the main problems for the internal security of China’s currency are inflation and asset bubbles caused by super-monetization, while mid- to longterm inflationary pressure makes “de-foaming” policy choices for short-term assets difficult and painful.

The fall in real estate prices must necessarily reduce the value of collateral, and the external financing premium demanded by commercial banks will rise. The supply of credit will contract, and financing constraints on businesses and households will tighten. The continuous contraction of investment, consumption, and aggregate demand will lead to a recession. Here, there are two effects of falling asset prices, which produce two financial accelerators. In the first, falling asset prices reduce the value of collateral, causing business and family balance sheets to deteriorate, raising the external financing premium, and reducing incremental bank lending.

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