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In Defense of the Accidental: Philosophical Studies by Odo Marquard

By Odo Marquard

The seven essays amassed during this e-book deal with the background of recent principles and modern cultural matters. the 1st is the discourse of Marquard's attractiveness of the Sigmund Freud prize; the second one addresses the equivalence of modernity and the theodice?; the 3rd confronts the belief of "meaning"; the fourth considers the concept of global background; the 5th addresses global alienation; the 6th bargains with the human sciences; and the 7th is a mediation on probability and success as crucial elements of the human situation.

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Hegel, Vorlesungen tiber die Philosophic der Geschichte, in Werke in 20 Banden, ed. E. Moldenhauer and K. M. ), vol. 12. (1970), p. 540; J. G. Droysen, Historik. Vorlesungen uber Enzyklopadie und Methodologie der Geschichte, ed. R. Hiibner (Munich, 1958), pp. 341, 371. A. de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (1835, 1839-1840; New York, 1946), vol. i. p. 7: "To attempt to check democracy would be in that case to resist the will of God," because (vol. 2, p. 333) "it is not the singular prosperity of the few, but the greater well-being of all that is most pleasing in the sight of the Creator and Preserver of men.

A Plea for Unsensational Sense Sense—and this one ought to know—is always the nonsense one lets go. A prime instance of this is the nonsense of aiming directly at sense or meaning, which, while it makes the problem of sense or meaning sensational, plunges human beings into unhappiness: into the experience of the void of meaning, into despair, and, in the extreme case, into a reversal of the direct aim at meaning—into the direct, demonstrative negation of meaning that is accomplished by suicide.

Marquard, "Homo compensator," in G. Frey, J. , Der Mensch und die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, vol. i (Innsbruck, 1983), pp. 55-66, esp. 59ff. Cf. O. Marquard, "^Compensation," in J. , Historisches Worterbucb der Philosophie, vol. 4 (Basel and Stuttgart, 1976), cols. 911-18; O. Marquard, "Kompensation. Uberlegungen zu einer Verlaufsfigur geschichtlicher Prozesse," in K. G. Faber and Ch. , Historische Prozesse, Theorie der Geschichte, vol. z (Munich, 1978), pp. 330—61; as well as: O. Marquard "Gliick im Ungliick.

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