Sacred Writings

Talmuda de-Eretz Israel: Archaeology and the Rabbis in Late by Steven Fine

By Steven Fine

Talmuda de-Eretz Israel: Archaeology and the Rabbis in overdue old Palestine brings jointly a global neighborhood of historians, literature students and archaeologists to explorehow the built-in research of rabbinic texts and archaeology raises our realizing of either sorts of proof, and of the advanced tradition which they jointly mirror. This quantity displays a starting to be consensus that rabbinic tradition was once an “embodied” tradition, featuring a chain of case experiences that reveal the price of archaeology for the contextualization of rabbinic literature. It steers clear of later twentieth-century tendencies, quite in North the United States, that under pressure disjunction among archaeology and rabbinic literature, and seeks a extra holistic method.

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25 L. Y. Rahmani, “Stone Synagogue Chairs: Their Identification, Use and Significance”, Israel Exploration Journal 40 (1990), 195–196, pls. 19, 20, 21:a. Fine, Art, History and the Historiography of Judaism 1, 43–4, doubts the viability of this term in describing synagogue chairs. 26 Some have deduced that the perpetrators of the destruction were Muslim or Christian due either to inter-faith hostility or to fanatical application of the Muslim aniconic conception: S. Klein, The History of Jewish Settlement in Palestine (Tel-Aviv, 1935), 34–38 (Hebrew); L.

21, 588–9, who describes how his nemesis, John of Giscala, gathered gentiles from Tyre to lay waste to Jewish towns in the Galilee. 40 5 Origins of Galilean Jews in the Rabbinic Period and the Question of Mishnaic Hebrew Where did the Galilean Jews mentioned by 1 Maccabees and Josephus come from? Lack of evidence prevents us from reaching any definitive conclusions. The archeological record does not support the hypothesis of continued Israelite/Jewish settlement in the Galilee from the Biblical period to the Hellenistic period.

Orbach believes that this stipulation was effectively adhered to due to the convergent economic interests of both sides. Additionally, in consonance with his theory of waning paganism during the first centuries CE, he believes the historical circumstances to have been conducive to gentile acquiescence to this act: E. E. Urbach, “The Rabbinical Laws of Idolatry in the Second and Third Centuries in the Light of Archaeological and Historical Facts,” Israel Exploration Journal 9,4 (1959), 230–232. The Bavli relates a story about R.

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